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Despre câteva sate din vecinătatea Clujului în secolul al XIV-lea

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dc.creator Pop, Ioan-Aurel
dc.date.accessioned 2022-04-01T08:12:12Z
dc.date.available 2022-04-01T08:12:12Z
dc.date.created 2018
dc.date.issued 2018
dc.identifier.uri https://eda.eme.ro/xmlui/handle/10598/32867
dc.description.abstract Cluj/Kolozsvár/Klausenburg was officially established as a free royal town in August 1316 on the eve of the second Hungarian civil war (largely based in Transylvania) that king Charles I of Anjou had to fight (1316–1322/1323) during his reign. For half a century, the city did not possess an actual estate. It was not until 1367, when following yet another period of Transylvanian turmoil (1364–1366), that the Wallachian village of Feleac (9 km south of the city) was entrusted to Cluj by Louis I of Anjou. Subsequently (and temporarily), the city further received the villages of Feiurdeni (17 km north of the city) in 1470 from Matthias Corvinus after the Hungarian rebellion of 1467 (centred in Transylvania) and Vâlcele (i.e. Hungarian and Wallachian Banabyk, 11 km south of city, in the immediate vicinity of Feleac) in 1529, from John Szapolyai, in the aftermath of the Hungarian doubleroyal election of 1526 (and of the ensuing combats for control the eastern parts of the realm). Political crisis, not economic boom, triggered the feudal growth of Cluj, established and developed as the favourite Transylvanian urbanized centre of Hungarian kingship. In spite of this status, the estate of Cluj, primarily a German (Saxon) settlement until the union of 1458 that divided local power between Germans and Hungarians after the model of Buda, was both meagre and confined to strict regulations. Exempted from all taxes and subjected to no other authority in the realm than the king himself, the domain of Feleac was entrusted, not donated, by the crown to the city, and until the 1570s all lawsuits involving an inhabitant of Feleac and a citizen of Cluj were trialled in Feleac. This apparent – certainly peculiar – „union” had its roots in the distribution of power around Cluj (between the Benedictine convent of Cluj-Mãnãştur, the Bishopric of Transylvania and at least two major noble families, the Suki and the Dobokai) in the decades that witnessed the extinction of the Arpad dynasty and the gradual – at times severely challenged (in particular in the East) – establishment of the House of Anjou in Hungary (1290s–1340s). Except for Feleac, first documented indirectly in 1344 (during the dispute between the Suki family and the descendants of George the Wallachian over neighbouring Gheorgheni, listed as Felekfarka, „Feleac’s tail”), the entire area around Cluj had a clearly marked „owner”, severely limiting feudal action, even though the settlements south of Cluj (Gheorgheni, Rediu, Aiton or Vâlcele) were first recorded – directly and indirectly – in the charters between the 1290s and 1320s (i.e. at very late stage of royal Hungarian administrative expansion south of the so called Transylvanian Meseş Gates).
dc.description.tableofcontents 57–66. old.
dc.format PDF
dc.language.iso rom
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Erdélyi Múzeum-Egyesület
dc.rights Erdélyi Múzeum-Egyesület
dc.source Edélyi Múzeum-Egyesület
dc.subject Kolozsvár 1316. évi kiváltsága
dc.subject villages
dc.title Despre câteva sate din vecinătatea Clujului în secolul al XIV-lea
dc.title.alternative About a Few Villages from the Vicinity of Cluj in the Fourteenth Century
dc.type article
dcterms.provenance Erdélyi Múzeum-Egyesület
europeana.provider Erdélyi Múzeum-Egyesület
europeana.unstored Erdélyi Múzeum-Egyesület
europeana.type TEXT
dcterms.medium paper

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  • Cluj - Kolozsvár - Klausenburg 700
    Kolozsvár 700 éves születésnapja alkalmából 2016-ban Cluj – Kolozsvár – Klausenburg 700 címmel szervezett nagyszabású nemzetközi tudományos konferencia tanulmányai.

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